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Did you know that there are two different stages of periodontal disease? Both of these forms of gum disease can cause future problems to your mouth and overall health. Our team is going to give you a look at what these two types of gum disease do to your mouth and how you can prevent them.

Gingivitis is the mildest form of gum disease and is often caused by poor hygiene practices. If detected early, gingivitis is reversible with care from you and your dentist.

In the early stages, bacteria found in plaque will build up, causing the gums to become swollen or inflamed. If your gums bleed while brushing, this may be a sign of gingivitis. In this stage, your gums haven’t had permanent damage done to them. But left untreated, gingivitis can lead to periodontitis.

Periodontitis causes the top layer of the gum and the bone to separate from the teeth, forming small pockets of space around each tooth.

Within these small pockets, debris becomes trapped causing infection. Unfortunately, when this happens, plaque spreads and grows below the gumline causing gum tissue and bone to be destroyed. The affected teeth are no longer held in place by gum tissue or bone, causing them to become loose and fall out.

Simple oral hygiene practices like brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing daily and visiting your dentist for semi-annual professional cleanings are ways to keep your gums in excellent condition.

If you suffer from bleeding or swollen gums, please contact our office today at 425-741-2030.